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Queridos alumnos de 3º:

Vuestra Mirna Mirnof (aunque a Álvaro le parezca feo) al habla. Como os prometí aquí tenéis vuestro mensajillo. A través de él, podéis dejar comentarios, dudas, y demás cosillas que queráis contar, incluso un buen chiste del tipo “oc,oc”, siempre y cuando no se salga de tono, ¿eh? Ya sabéis que tenéis que escribir bien, como veis yo uso mis tildes y todas las letras del alfabeto que me hacen falta, nada de cambiar K por C,Q y otras letras. Pues nada, ya no me enrollo. Espero que participéis y que disfrutéis de esta bitácora.

Un beso

Reading comprehension 4

The Palio

Every July and August, in the Italian town of Sienna, a world-famous horserace takes place called the Palio. It is no ordinary race as the jockeys ride the horses without saddles, but the really unusual thing is that the race takes place in the town centre! There are no rules – they race around the main plaza three times and the whole thing only lasts about two minutes. This ancient tradition started in the eleventh century.

Seventeen riders take part, and each one represents a different contrade, or neighbourhood. Interestingly, the loser of the race is the horse that comes second, not the one that comes last. People come from all over the world to watch the Palio, and there is a big procession before the race and a big party after it finishes.
However, not everybody is happy about the race. Some people think that it is very cruel. Since 1970 more than fifty horses have died, and many people have had to go to hospital with injuries – both jockeys and members of the public. This year animal activists were angrier than usual, because the producers of the new James Bond film are going to use some scenes from the Palio. The activists say that it glamorises the race.

But because it’s such an old tradition, and because it brings so much money into the town, the Palio will probably continue for many years to come.

GLOSSARY: jockey – jockey/jinete, saddle – silla de montar, contrade – barrio, century – siglo

1. Read the text and answer the questions.

a) Do many people watch the race?
b) Does everybody like the race?

2. Read the text again. Write true or false for each question.

a) There are three races every year
b) The race is the same as horse races in other countries
c) The race finishes in a short time.
d) The race is only popular in Italy.
e) The race can be dangerous.
f) James Bond is going to ride in the race.

3. Vocabulary: Find the ‘person’ in the text.

a) Another word for jockey.
b) The opposite of winner
c) The people who oppose cruelty to animals
d) The people responsible for making a film

4. Phrasal verbs: Find phrasal verbs in the text that mean:

a) happen
b) participate

Reading comprehension 3


People say that when you’re in a very large city like London, New York or Paris, you’re never more than ten metres from a rat. Now, because of an American animated film called Ratatouille, people are going to be even closer! The film is so popular with French children and teenagers that rats are now the most fashionable pet in France! The film tells the funny story of a rat who wants to be a professional chef, but has lots of problems because of ‘rattism’!

Nadya, a student from Paris, bought a rat after she saw the film. ‘Before Ratatouille, many people thought they were horrible animals, but now people see rats in a different way – as fun and intelligent’ she said. According to Nadya, there are other reasons why rats make good pets. ‘They’re much more interesting than hamsters, and much cleverer than mice – they can recognise their names, so they come when you call them! You can really play with a rat.’

There are approximately five million pet rats in France, and this number is increasing. There are another sixty million wild rats living in the sewers and in the underground in Paris. Pet rats are also quite popular with famous people, for example, Rupert Grint, who plays Ron Weasley in the Harry Potter films has one.

If you want a rat as a pet there are some things to remember. They’re nocturnal, so that means they’re asleep when you’re at school and awake when you’re asleep. They also need lots of attention and exercise, but they’re cheap to feed as they don’t eat much. However, you should be careful, because like all animals with teeth- they can bite!

GLOSSARY: rattism – ‘racismo’ contra las ratas [palabra inventada], according to – según, sewers – alcantarillas, underground – metro, however – sin embargo, like -como

1. Read the text and answer the questions.

a) What animal is the text about?
b) In which country are they very popular as pets?

2. Read the text again. Write true or false for each sentence.

a) In places where a lot of people live, a rat is probably ten metres away.
b) Ratatouille is a film with human actors.
c) Hamsters are more boring than rats.
d) Ron Weasley has a pet rat.
e) Rats can respond when you say their names.
f) There are about 65 million rats in France.

3. Vocabulary. Find words from the text to add to the lists.

Adjectives: ____________, _____________, _____________, _____________, _____________, _____________, _____________, _____________,

People: _____________, _____________, _____________, _____________,

Reading comprehension 2

The Festival of International Traditional Dance

Hi Jamie,

Guess where I am? I’m at The Festival of Traditional International Dance in London, England! It’s fantastic – it’s a weekend festival and there are all sorts of traditional dances from all over the world. My favourite is the stepdance from Ireland – it’s quite a modern dance and you move your legs very quickly and keep your body and arms very rigid. You don’t need a partner for this dance, but you need a lot of energy!

This evening some Brazilians are demonstrating Capoeira – two people do a mixture of dance, acrobatics and martial arts. Then tomorrow (Sunday), a group from Columbia are dancing Cumbia. The women wear traditional long, wide skirts and put tropical flowers in their hair. The men wear white trousers, but no shirts. You move your hips a lot, so this dance makes you tired very quickly.

At the end of each demonstration, the dancers teach you some of the steps. It’s really good fun!

OK, I’m going now, because the next group is starting!

See you soon,



GLOSSARY: partner – pareja, wide – ancho, hips – caderas, steps – pasos

1. Read the text and answer the questions.

a) How many different types of dance are in the text?
b) How many countries are in the text?

2. Read the text again. Answer the questions.

a) What type of dance does Alex like the most?
b) How many days does the festival last?
c) Which dance can you do on your own?
d) What country is Capoeira from?
e) What day is the Capoeira demonstration?
f) What happens when the groups finish their demonstrations?

3. Vocabulary. Find the opposite of these words in the text.

a) terrible
b) old
c) flexible
d) short
e) slowly

Reading comprehension 1

Summer Valley Progressive School

My name is Johnny Aloysius and I go to Summer Valley Progressive School in Australia. My school is small – there are 60 pupils and four teachers. There are four classes every day, and they start at 8.30am. There are no classes at the weekend.

My school is very different to other schools because it is not very strict – we don’t wear school uniform and we study when we want to, because the classes aren’t compulsory and homework is optional. There are school meetings on Monday, Wednesday and Friday from 1.45pm until 2.30pm. At the meetings we talk about the school rules – but there aren’t very many!

I like all the subjects, but my favourite class is maths with Mr Gillbanks. I like art too, but I’m not very good at drawing! I really like my school, especially the food- it’s fantastic, and sometimes we help to make it! Would you like to go to a school like mine?.

GLOSSARY: compulsory – obligatorio drawing – dibujo/dibujar, sometimes – a veces

1. Read the text and answer the questions.

a) Does the school have a lot of rules?
b) Is Johnny happy at school?

2. Read the text again. Write true or false for each sentence.

a) Summer Valley is big.
b) Johnny has 20 classes a week.
c) Johnny has lessons on Saturday.
d) Homework isn’t compulsory.
e) There are three school meetings every week.
f) Johnny doesn’t like the food at his school.

3. Vocabulary. Find the word in the text to match these definitions.

a) students
b) Saturday and Sunday
c) school exercises to do in your house
d) things you eat
e) very, very good

Reading comprehension

Hello everybody:

Cada semana voy a intentar poner algunos ejercicios que os pueden venir bien para ejercitar algunas destrezas imprescindibles en el aprendizaje de una lengua. Hoy voy a empezar por proponeros 4 reading comprehension (en cristiano, comprensión lectora). Los niveles son muy facilitos y están indicados más bien para alumnos de secundaria (para bachiller ya buscaré algunos con más mala idea). Las respuestas las publicaré más adelante.

See you soon!


¿Qué os gustaría que apareciera en este apartado?:

– Adivina el personaje.

– ¿De qué acontecimiento se trata?.

– Hoy en la Historia.

– Noticias y novedades.

– Usted pregunta.

Por supuesto, dejo abierta la encuesta para que podáis añadir vuestras propias sugerencias que, en principio, no aparezcan recogidas aquí.


Dado que la Geografía parece ser la hermanita pobre de entre las principales asignaturas, creo que no estará de más que le demos un repaso a los países y sus capitales, comenzando por ese gran continente olvidado, África, de donde dicen que está el futuro y del que tan poco se sabe, a pesar de que en los ambientes futbolísticos se ha puesto de moda, últimamente, referirse a sitios tan exóticos como Malí, Senegal o Camerún, por poner algunos ejemplos. Así que comencemos precisamente por el primero de ellos ¿cuál es la capital de Malí, patria del futbolista del Real Madrid Diarra?. Por supuesto, si no se sabe la respuesta, está permitido buscar información, que podéis compartir aquí con todo los demás, esto es: número de habitantes, situación geográfica, costumbres, gastronomía, etc. Ánimo y a participar.